Friday, January 28, 2011

Sobre Governos e Internet: Egito

Governos já empastelaram gráficas de jornais opositores, fecharam (e fecham) emissoras de rádio e/ou televisão pelo mundo afora em nome de sua auto-afirmação. Isso acontece há tempos. E, como já poderíamos esperar, a Internet é a bola da vez.

Se as notícias sobre a atual situação do Egito forem verdadeiras, fico extremamente desapontado ao ver que mesmo um país com alguma tradição democrática tem peito para continuar a colocar o carro na frente dos bois.

O mesmo Egito sediou em 2009 o 4º Forum de Governança da Internet, assim como o Brasil fez em 2007. Um espaço aberto a discussões no âmbito da Organização das Nações Unidas que reúne uma variedade considerável de interessados no pleno e contínuo desenvolvimento da Internet. Não é um espaço para tomada de decisões, mas é um excelente local para trocar ideias e expressar pontos de vista com alguma liberdade e franqueza.

No IGF do Egito, assim como ocorreu nos demais países, autoridades do primeiro escalão do Governo local participaram do evento. Alguns trechos de extrema importância para a avaliação desse momento delicado estão abaixo (grifos meus):
In concluding his address, Mr. Sha [Zukang, chefe do Departamento de Assuntos Econômicos e Sociais das Nações Unidas] invited H.E. Mr. Tarek Kamel, Minister of Communications and Information Technology of Egypt [ainda no cargo] to assume the chairmanship of the conference.
Mr. Kamel recalled that since its earliest days, the success of the Internet had been based on collaboration. As the network had grown to connect all continents and countries, the spirit of collaboration had remained a touchstone that had been captured and embodied in the IGF. The IGF had proved over four years that it was not just another isolated parallel process, but that it had managed to bring on board all the relevant stakeholders and key players. Further, he noted that the crucial development role of the Internet should be recognized globally, and the global community should ensure that barriers to participation by developing countries should be removed. With opportunities there were rights and also responsibilities, and in tomorrow's cyberspace the IGF should address important issues such as cross-border security, youth experience, multilingual content, and enhanced broadband capacity in developing countries, among others.
The Prime Minister of Egypt, Mr. Ahmed Nazif, drew attention to how important the Internet and ICTs had become. During the recent economic crisis, growth of the ICT sector in Egypt continued at double-digit rates, and had been a key driver of the economy. Only through open and consistent dialogue could the true potential of the Internet as a tool for growth and herald of economic and political freedoms be maximized. The Prime Minister saw in the continuation of the IGF a real priority. The IGF had provided a valuable space for continuous education on the prospects of the Internet and the global cyberspace and it was a precious learning tool for the young generations. The strength of the IGF was its all-inclusive, all-comprehensive nature. (DRAKE, 2010)
Também nas palavras do Ministro, em outro trecho:
I feel proud about these memories, but I feel even more proud to stand here hosting and chairing the IGF this year, and to be witnessing how Internet public policy has evolved. It has extended from discussion within a small group of experts to a multistakeholder process among a wide range of professionals representing various sectors and fields. Indeed, the IGF has proved over four years that it is not an isolated parallel process but rather has managed to bring on board all the relevant stakeholders and key players (IBIDEM).



Innovations in broadcasting and streaming technology, as well as the evolution of user-generated content, are transforming the Internet into a platform where we communicate, work, learn, and be entertained. Hence, the crucial developmental role of the Internet is now more than ever well recognized globally. This is especially true in developing regions where the next billions of users are expected to emerge, especially using mobile Internet facilities and service. The Internet is thus becoming for developing countries a space of opportunities that should be handled with due attention. The Internet community should actively engage and make effort to remove any barriers to those emerging markets. It is also vital to ensure that the unique structure of the Internet is preserved, maintained, and built upon. The IGF has laid a strong foundation for the policy dialogue needed to address those challenges. The agendas of Athens, Rio, and Hyderabad were carefully selected to include the various aspects of Internet governance. With this year's IGF under the overall theme of creating opportunities for all, I believe the ground is set for our deliberations (IBIDEM).
A primeira-dama egípcia, em outro trecho:
The First Lady of Egypt, H.E. Ms. Suzanne Mubarak, President and Founder of the Suzanne Mubarak Women’s International Peace Movement, addressed Forum participants in a special session. Her address focused on youth empowerment and the safety of children and young people on the Internet (IBIDEM).
Sobre o mesmo tópico, adiante:
The First Lady reminded the Forum that the Internet would continue to be a reflection of the global reality we lived in. As the divisions between transparency and privacy were erased, as the walls between the physical and virtual reality faded away, we would continue to feel reverberations of those challenges on the net through more discrimination, more violence, more instability. And it was for this reason that we should work harder to ensure that the focus of Internet governance became more people-centred, and that the Internet became a catalyst for human development. In closing, she outlined her vision of the Internet of tomorrow which held the real promise that we would be able to look at our computer or mobile screens and see a world where people lived in dignity, security and peace (IBIDEM).
O diretor da divisão de relações internacionais do Ministério das Comunicações do Egito:
Let me first, on behalf of the Egyptian government, welcome you all in Sharm El Sheikh, the City of Peace. This session today will help in explaining what the IGF is---the process and the agenda---and to highlight some of the key aspects that we're going to live together the following four days. I will now take advantage of being both the moderator and the host countryrepresentative start by sharing our views. By hosting the IGF this year, Egypt wants to emphasize the responsibilities that both developing and developed countries are equally sharing. Bringing the forum to the African and Arab region for the first time signals that this forum and the question of its continuation could not be completed without adding the opinions of the developing countries and tackling their needs. The IGF is the only place that paved the way for the involvement of all stakeholders in the process and established a healthy and productive dialogue between all parties. This dialogue surely helps in creating a common background with regard to the different themes and issues. Hosting the IGF enabled the Egyptian community to get more engaged in the discussions related to the forum and stimulated national and regional awareness of Internet governance issues. The Egyptian government has been investing a lot in mobilizing and coordinating the community to ensure a successful event

Se a palavra de todo um governo diante de seus pares não vale coisa alguma, estão legitimadas as motivações da rebelião egípcia?

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